Friday, June 22, 2018

A Behavioral Analysis on Najib’s Interview with Reuters.

It was obvious from the start that the questions to be covered in that 4 minute interview were prearranged, Reuters was so disappointing that I am so disappointed that they did a sloppy job of interviewing Najib.

Najib must have got strict instructions from the owner of the handbags to preempt that the handbags found at his place were only wedding gifts and not as a result of money laundered from 1MDB.

Certainly, the public would have enjoyed the interview more and would have been more convinced of deception, had it been if Najib been interviewed by Stephen Sackur the famous BBC Hardtalk guy and not Reuters.

The first obvious nonverbal indicators were that Najib’s legs was tapping the floor several times as his anxieties was self-indulgent, he was waiting to run out of the interview immediately after talking about the instructions to preempt her handbags.

At the 8.5 second of the interview he is seen licking his lips apparently wiping away the dried spittle that has accumulated in the corners of his mouth with his tongue jutting out for a split second, this is a sign which is called cotton mouth and it is because of the dried-out mucus membranes, in Najib’s situation it is due to deceptive behaviors.

During his tongue licking he looked down or had a quick gaze aversion, another indicator of a liar breaking eye contact and looking away to avoid seeing the interviewer's facial expression in case they detect his lies. In principle, he was trying to “save face.”

If you look at his forehead it was unconventionally furrowed throughout the interview a very clear indication of deception personified.

At the 9th second onwards of the interview, Najib states, “I didn’t benefit from the 1MDB because I believe that the 1MDB was created to do something good for the country.”

In deceptive verbal behaviors analysis this statement is called an unintended message. An unintended message is a truthful statement made by a deceptive person that, when the literal meaning of the statement is analyzed, it conveys information that the person does not realize he’s conveying, It is also referred to as the ”truth in the lie.”

Since he finds himself in the 1MDB hole this deceptive Najib finds this question threatening as the facts are not his helper, he’s obviously not in a position to respond with facts.

In the process of developing a response, he makes a conscious decision to take a particular tack. In this case, Najib is concentrating on convincing the audience of his morality.

What Najib is not aware of, however, is that often in that process, without even him realizing it, he will say things that reveal what in reality he knows to be the truth.

When he said that, “I didn’t benefit from the 1MDB because I believe that the 1MDB was created to do something good for the country.”

What he did not realize when communicating that statement was he was telling the truth in the lie as he was in truth saying, my family members and others and those in 1MDB that benefitted most from 1MDB through me, and not me only, as I was doing 1MDB for the country.

Later, Najib says, “The items seized were all wedding gifts and what is the connections with 1MDB.” He is again revealing a truth in the lie in that because it cannot be proven that it was bought with 1MDB money or connected with 1MDB money therefore they are WEDDING gifts.

He goes on talking about himself and what the public will think about him been unfairly treated by the authorities as he will be negatively perceived by the public and what not.

To me it is all nauseating to continue listening to this interview of lies after lies without shame on Najib’s part.

Does he not know the very public who he says are thinking that he is been unfairly treated by the authorities are the very public who are actually rejoicing in the fact that he may face the guillotine for ordering Altantuya’s demise. And that his lies can be seen through clearly by anybody without using glasses.

At one point this clown of the century mentions that the vast number of handbag gifts. By using the word VAST he, himself is admitting the discovery of the handbags as titanic, true enough the hidden titanic now has been discovered.

I believe the right interview questions would have made him shudder. Questions like:
1. “Why did you not do the right thing when you knew that the 1MDB board did not do the right thing by following the law?
2. As chairman of the board was it not your fiduciary duty to do the right thing?

If the interview was conducted by me or Stephen Sackur of BBC Hard talk he would have literally pissed in his pants and we may have seen it.

You see this Reuters interview was nonsense it was heavily one sided. There are so many deceptive indicators both verbal and nonverbal in that 4 minutes, that I may bring out at another time.

It is important for me to point out that, as of now Najib has denied all 1MDB known charges and had pled not guilty, and had been found guilty of none of these known charges.

The opinions above are nothing more than my analysis of Najib’s behavior in this interview with Reuters held at Langkawi, Kedah on the 20th June 2018 and should not be construed in any way as proof of Najib’s guilt in any of those charges in the public domain.
President
Body Language Surveillance Society of Malaysia

Monday, May 21, 2018

An analysis on Sirul's Confessions.

  

There are two interpretations in this clip, one is the visible nonverbal indicators, the other is the audible verbal aspects of behaviors. 

The first impression you would get seeing the clip is that it would look as though Sirul was sitting in an ‘electric chair.’ The ambiance or mood of the setting does not make much sense to the viewers, though it is obvious that the purpose of the video was more for the religious ‘kampong’ electoral folks.

When Sirul Azhar Umar swore in God's name that former Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak was in no way involved “blah, blah, blah’ he did not say what case it was, because the word ‘Altantuya" to him has unhappy connotations of punishment, guilt and fear. 

It is rightly believed he was referring to Altantuya’s murder. The same in an earlier clip the name Altantuya was not mentioned at all, this is to "distance" him from the subject, psychologically to avoid  him thinking about the subject and to distance himself from its content.  Psychologist call this distancing language, a means of self-deception, used orally it indicates that a person is lying. 

Sirul, was not relaxed at all, he was rigid and stiff, his arms were restrained on his lap with his palms subconsciously holding them together. These were indicators of his feelings, he was unwilling to verbalize the truth. Perhaps he could be a schizophrenic or he could be suffering from some sickness that we are not aware off, but they were subconsciously revealing his true emotions. 

Typical of those who want to take a dominant role in their relationship with others. Here in Sirul’s case it was with his apparent viewers which he had in mind and it was also a protective and a defensive stance or moves to get his side of the story across to his selected viewers. 

He was also holding the other palm; a deceptive person may not free his arms, as he is unable to gesture and express freely with his hands since it is not the truth. 

An honest person would have his palms up and the hands and fingers spread. Mainly due to the friendly demeanor that research suggests, that those who are honest usually use an open posture to show they are more truthful and capable of providing the whole story with nothing to hide.

Sirul’s hands pose were therefore an important element of closed posture. Where else an honest person would unconsciously show his palms and his hands signaling an open posture, with the hands relaxed. However, Sirul was showing the back of his tensed hand and clenching it, clearly representing a closed posture, giving the impression he was hiding something or unconsciously showing resistance to closer scrutiny.

You would notice that he had a sudden change in his breathing patterns as he was uttering his script. (The script probably was on top of the camera) 

He was not calm and relaxed, his abdomen was not moving up and down as it should rise upon inhaling, and flatten upon exhaling. But instead you can see that Sirul’s upper chest and shoulder did rise and fall. Sirul was seen clearly indicating anxiety and a visible tension in the upper chest area and his shoulders as he breathed. 

He was actually oxygenating himself. That’s because his autonomic nervous system was working overtime, he had a sudden buildup of carbon dioxide in his system. That’s why at one point he immediately draws a large breath and then blows it out in order to regain equilibrium. This he did to regain his composure by releasing the buildup of tension caused by the encumbrances to recite the scripts.

It is therefore very obvious here that his behavior was bizarre unlike a straightforward person who would be naturally relaxed, breath normally and would gesture as you would expect with his hands to amplify his words what is in his heart, sorry to say he was not. 

His thumbs are seen self comforting his palms to restore self confidence in himself. We don't know if he was under the belief that nobody believes him anymore even if he was now ready to tell the truth. His eye movements showed that he was trying his best to read his script less he misses a line. 

If you counted, he had 20 micro expressions that of a fear smile in the almost 60 seconds clip, an enormous amount, almost one fear smile for every three seconds, that’s a giant fear that can only show that he was afraid of something, maybe he was afraid no one would believe his story. 

In counting, he had 65 blinks or for easier calculation 60 blinks in 60 seconds which is one blink a second, way above the normal rate of 10 -12 winks per minute.

In a study exploring blink frequency, which was an attractive behavioral indicator of deception, because BF (blink frequency) data may be collected using hidden cameras or web camera and analyzed surreptitiously either in real time or post hoc from recorded video during truth telling and deception, liars may display a flurry of compensatory blinks after lying. 

We are not discounting that truth tellers too are known to exhibit an increase in BF during the relevant questioning period. So while BF is correlated with many other physiological reasons like increased camera  lighting and emotional states, its effect may be partially explained by the accusatory subject matter, by the questions that you could have delivered at him during that period. 

Therefore you may not be in a position not to discount or say much on this BF, as it is, you have not interviewed Sirul personally to determine your professional opinion on this aspect of BF here, though he was lying through his teeth.

On his tapping of his foot seen by his jerking knees 12 times in the 60 seconds clip, which is an average of one jolt every 5 seconds, it is likely that it was his desire to bolt or run away from his ‘electric chair.’ 

He also looked away or rather looked down five times during the course of his sixty second presentation either he was too nervous telling the ‘truth’ or a typical liar who can’t face the truth face to face.

If you look closely, in the last 5 seconds of the recording, Sirul does a verbal/nonverbal disconnect, a deceptive behavior in which a person’s verbal and nonverbal behaviors don’t match. It is when Sirul unconsciously and slightly nods his head, revealing YES,’ while in between he says that the Prime Minister, ‘Datuk Seri Najib Abdul Razak is NOT in any way involved and had nothing to do with it.’ 

Since it was Sirul’s 60 seconds presentation or recital, you may have not been in a position to analyze it the way you can scrutinize a question and answer or Q & A session where his answers to your questions can be scrutinized fittingly with your analytical skills to prove his innocence or guilt on the subject matter. 

In fact, Sirul, was only making it difficult by reciting to clear a person’s name that has increasingly been tainted without a way out.

When he said, “I was never brought up or taught to make false accusations” This statement is not convincing at all because it is an irrelevant and childish statement, why? Because, no parent in this world in their right mind, ever brings up or teaches their children to make false accusations. Do you know of people who bring up or teach their children to make false accusations? 

But here is a man who after been convicted of murder is seen talking to us about been well brought up and taught not to make false accusations, this is simply ludicrous and nonsensical.

When he said, “It is a big sin if I falsely accuse someone.” This is called a convincing statement that attempts to influence our perception rather than to convey truthful information, it is powerful because the average person tends not to recognize it, often because the statements seem convincing enough as it seems to relate to the issue at hand namely the honesty of the person who utters that statement.

When he said, “I am going to state that , I promise my God the Malaysian Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Abdul Razak is not in any way involved and have anything to do with it, in this case.” By bringing God into the recital, Sirul engaged in what psychologists call “dressing up the lie,” This can be perceptively effective. After all, what else can anyone say that tops God? It is called, dressing up a lie in its Sunday best before presenting it to you.

The ‘confession’ recitals of Sirul may have been analyzed quite revealingly and the ‘confessions’ would have been relatively different if you had used investigative interviewing and strategic questioning techniques on him.

Thursday, March 8, 2018

MH370: Technical Analysis Concurs Psychological Analysis.

I write in memory of all innocent souls of MH370. It’s 4 years now and still the disappearance of the Malaysia Airlines plane MH370 with 239 on board has been considered, the Greatest of Airlines Mystery. Is it so? That investigators still don't know what actually happened? Could pilot suicide have been the real cause? Let me bring you to the chilling accounts of Captain Simon Hardy's and Steve Landells’s technical analysis and my psychological analysis of flight MH370 that follows.

Image copyright AFP.
In an article 2 months ago, Captain Simon Hardy says very convincingly in many ways than one that the clues are in the route Zaharie Ahmad Shah took after it vanished from air traffic control.
I very much concur with his technical analysis, as Captain Simon Hardy is an experienced Boeing 777 flyer, and he says this of flight MH370.
Truly, he is one who knows the Asian air ways like a commuter knows how to take short cuts home. As he has been flying the Boeing 777’s for 17 years.

Captain Simon Hardy is truly convinced beyond doubt about his technical findings, like I was in my psychological findings, analysis and declarations, when I first wrote to the New Straits Times 4 years ago on 20th March 2014, saying that Zaharie was the real cause for the disappearance of the missing flight MH370.
My analytical assertions then, was written less than 2 weeks after the disappearance, giving logical explanations and I reasoned well enough to point my finger at the captain of the flight, Zaharie Shah, as the one who deliberately flew MH370 from the start with ill intentions, taking the plane off radar while flying it thousands of miles off course, and bringing it down into the deep blue ocean.
The Main Pilot of Flight MH370 Zaharie Ahmad Shah.
If you have studied the profile of psychopaths or sociopaths, you will learn about some common body and facial language “tells” that indicates conscienceless individuals.
Their crimes are usually the logical outcome of a plan something that “had” to be done to achieve a goal.
Studies also show that they seem to be more occupied with basic needs, such as food, shelter, clothing mostly related to their basic physiological needs in contrast to nonpsychopathics who will talk more about spirituality, religion and family.
Captain Simon Hardy, when he says, that MH370 turned back on itself and flew along the border of Malaysia and Thailand was in itself a telling sign of deliberate and accurate and ill intentional flying.
Now, why has the plane which went missing out from air traffic control suddenly appear later to be flying zigzag in and out of two countries eight times. Captain Simon Hardy says. "This is probably precise flying rather than just a coincidence. As both air traffic controllers in both those countries was made to probably assume that the aircraft was in the other country's jurisdiction and not pay it any attention."
This clever maneuvers to avoid detection was after the plane’s transponder was taken out to avoid official ground to air communication.  
All this was intentional, as I have been telling about the psychological confusion Zaharie Shah felt from the beginning of his midnight flight when he received hours earlier, dreaded information and potentially negative consequences to his relative Anwar Ibrahim.
This clearly caused Zaharie’s mind to emotionally race with hypothetical implications of the judgment and sentencing of Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim and at the unusual speed of the development of the court of appeal.
In my article about MH370, written 4 years ago, I spoke of the rationality of Zaharie Ahmad Shah’s credibility, expertise and competence that can be blown out of the water and anybody’s expectations about how unyielding a person of high caliber would be in professing his professional flying career in innocence can be crushed.
In my decades as a trainer and consultant and recently on the subject of deception, I have learnt one very important lesson, that human behavior doesn’t always conform to what seems sensible to us and that what seems sensible to us isn’t necessarily valuable in evaluating how a person thinks or acts, we can’t be absolutely certain of anything.
It was this same issue of competence as a pilot and Captain that Zaharie possessed that the public at large was swayed not to accept my explanations that their high and mighty Zaharie Ahmad Shah was the cause of the disappearance of MH370.
It is said that there is so much we don't know, but what we do know is the route it flew between 00:41 am (8th March 2014) local time (take-off), and the last military radar fix at 02:22 am. It shows the aircraft making a series of inexplicable turns. After that the assumption, based on the skinniest of data from a satellite, is that it flew south in a straight line for six hours.
Rightly, Captain Simon Hardy’s vivid analysis is when he ask himself an intelligent question as to why MH370, after deliberately flying in and out along the border of Malaysia and Thailand, to apparently avoid detection, must it pass Penang.
And then it dawns on him, as he says, "Someone was looking at Penang. Someone was taking a long, emotional look at Penang. Why? Because the captain was from the island of Penang."
“And the plane does a strange hook," he says. "On this, Simon Hardy spent a long time thinking about this and eventually he found that it was a similar maneuver to what he had done in Australia over Ayers Rock. Because the airway goes directly over Ayers Rock you don't actually see it very well because it disappears under the nose of the aircraft.”
"So in order to look at it you have to turn left or right, get alongside it and then execute a long turn. If you look at the output from Malaysian 370, there were actually three turns not one. Someone was looking at PENANG!"
Another former pilot’s technical analysis, who flew Boeing 777s for a decade, is Steve Landells, who is now a flight safety expert at the British Airline Pilots Association, He says, "A lot of the theories pre-suppose that there was no-one there to fly the aircraft, but there are only three ways to turn a 777," says Landells.
"That's manually flying it, actually turning the control wheel, flying it through the autopilot, or by pre-programming a route into the navigation computer. The problem with the first two is that you have to have someone in the cockpit. But if there was someone in the cockpit, why were there no radio calls made?"
“The 777 has many back-up systems for its electrics,” says Landells, “So even if all fail, there's a battery connected to the captain's instruments and one of the radios, so a call could have been made. Even if that fails, there's a propeller that drops out the back of the aircraft, called a ram air turbine that provides enough electrical power to run the basic facilities, including a radio.”
"The other possibility is a severe fire in the cockpit, which has happened in the past," says Landells. "That might mean that the pilots would have to leave the cockpit. But if that was the case, then how did the aircraft continue flying for so long, with such a catastrophic fire going on? It's very, very unlikely."
Yet, some authorities and the general public are still uncertain about a suicide conclusion, with the exception of Simon Hardy, Steve Landells and other writers and pilots.
But as for me, I am certain. As a Malaysian, I know the political inclinations of Zaharie, it was too much for him to stomach Anwar’s five years rushed sentencing on the eve of this tragic night.  
Further, after reading much about Zaharie Ahmad Shah’s personality in the press, I am of the view that Zaharie must have personally felt of himself as a victim over Anwar’s jailing, like a psychopath who commits a crime, blames others (the Government) while taking no responsibility for their actions.
As a person Zaharie Ahmad Shah though married to another woman was a jilted man, his woman lover failed him when he wanted to marry her too. Was Zaharie exhibiting antisocial behavior of a methodical psychopath or sociopath all along his married life that led to him been rejected? My readings much about him in the press makes me believe so.
The things that come to my mind is his keen interest in flying that of airborne stuffs and stimulators. One friend asked him, why do you spend so much of your time with these flying plane models at this lakeside, when you are actually a trained pilot, don’t you get bored of flying them?
He was said to have just laughed it off and did not answer the question, and Zaharie’s failure to answer, puzzles me. Omitting information or failure to answer an intelligent and important question is a speech pattern of a psychopath.
Another thing that jolts my mind is what Zaharie Ahmad Shah’s lover told the press, how she once told Zaharie, how difficult it was for her to take care of her children at home, and the reply Zaharie gave, shocks me.
She without realizing what she was saying, said what Zaharie actually told her. “You know my job as a pilot is even more difficult than yours, if I make one mistake, hundreds of people’s life are in real danger.”  This reply surprises me especially the statement that hundreds of people’s life are in real danger. Is he not a professional, trained to conduct himself during any flying situation to maintain his poise even when facing a very difficult situation?
Secondly, what about his own life and the other officer’s life in the cockpit? Well psychopaths do not regard any life as any much important either.
These are some of Zaharie’s ‘’tells’ that to me indicates that Zaharie Ahmad Shah must have been a conscienceless individual. But here again to the general public my ideas are highly controversial. 

Jackson Yogarajah.
President Body Language Surveillance Society of Malaysia www.jblinternational.com

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

The Truth About Body Language


Body Language. A clear expression of sadness.

Najib is so sad his eyes is seen drooping from the top and his mouth is turned down with a slight pull to the corners and he does not have focus. It almost seems like he is not looking at anything in specific like he has nowhere to go and there is clearly no sense of purpose about himself or hope about anything.


Body Language. The inability to show self-confidence.

Najib is seen posing for a picture with his self-confidence betrayed by the clenching of his left hand and his face revealing a look of feigned happiness. Another cue is the lack of physical rapport, Trump had both his palms relaxed, Najib wasn’t. Between these two gentlemen, though their color of their clothes, tie and suits were prearranged to show rapport and unison, their minds were truly opposed. Najib’s rolling his left shoulder backward to appear confident is inadvertently revealed by his clenched left palm moved backward so as to force his chest out showing his body movements was not fluid.